An Appraisal of the Dairy Farming Practices and Feeding System in Mizoram

Author
Rajat Buragohain
Keywords
Feeding Practice; Dairy Cattle; Unconventional Feed; Mizoram
Abstract
The farming and feeding practices of dairy cattle in Mizoram was assessed through surveys conducted in Aizawl district of Mizoram. The study revealed practices of intensive rearing of dairy animals and feeding of concentrates and unconventional roughages. The concentrates fed to the animals were commercial cattle feed or compounded or wheat bran alone or rice bran alone or home-grown maize mixing with other concentrate feeds. The roughage utilised for feeding were various unconventional jungle grasses / shrubs and tree leaves. Total 40 different species of tree leaves were found to be fed by the farmers to dairy cattle in Mizoram. Supplementary feeding, except uses of common salt with concentrate, was uncommon. High price of concentrate feeds and unavailability of individual feed ingredients were the main feeding constraints. Information about the nutritional values of the unconventional roughages, availability of concentrate at ease and affordable cost and technical-financial supports for cultivation of fodders are suggested for upliftment of dairy cattle farming of Mizoram.
References
[1] Economic Survey Mizoram, Government of Mizoram Planning & Programme Implementation Department (Research & Development Branch), Aizawl, Mizoram, 2015-16.
[2] S Jarial, A Kumar, V Padmakumar, “Assessment of feeding practices, nutritional status and gap for dairy buffaloes in hilly districts Tehri Garhwal and Pithoragarh of Uttarakhand, India”, Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, Volume 83, Issue 9, 2013, pp.960–963.
[3] SK Tomar, RL Sharma, “Fodders and feeding practices of cattle and sheep in Kashmir (India)”, Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension, Volume 5, Issue 1&2, 2002, pp. 48-52.
[4] A Singh, K Shyam Singh, P Imtiwati, “Adoption of improved dairy husbandry practices by dairy farmers in hill region of Manipur, India”, Asian Journal Dairy and Food Research, Volume 32, Issue 4, 2013, pp. 283-289.
[5] [R Buragohain, “Tree Foliages Fed to Dairy Animals in Mizoram: Traditional Medicinal Uses, Screening and Quantification of Phytochemicals”, International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science, Volume 6, Issue 10, 2017, pp.61-71.

Received : 27 December 2019  

Accepted : 21 May 2020

Published : 04 June 2020  

DOI: 10.30726/esij/v7.i2.2020.72009

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