Corruption in India: Challenges and Prospects

Author
Dr. Showket Ahmad Dar, Feroz Ahmad Wani
Keywords
Corruption; Issues; Challenges; Anti-Corruption Laws; Scams
Abstract
Corruption is the most widespread endemic and a greatest threat to economic and political development of any nation. Given the high level of corruption in India, this phenomenon has turned into a cankerworm that has eaten deep into the fabrics of our system. In recent times, the issue is receiving attention of authorities, policy makers, businessmen and civil society organizations. In other words, fight against corruption has emerged as a key developmental issue. As such, this study is an attempt to delve into the current status of corruption in India with a focus on issues and challenges in combating corruption. During the discussion, the authors found that the major scams committed in India since 2009 are a direct result of deficit in governance. This paper also found that lack of competent leadership and management, inherent delays in criminal justice system, hostile witnesses marked with lack of values as key challenges in eliminating corruption. To ensure a corruption free society, the authors strongly suggest simplification of office processes and procedures, filling up of judicial vacancies, civil participation for necessary buy-in and inclusion of private sector under anti-corruption laws, besides strengthening and empowering anti-corruption agencies. To sum up, it is argued that good administration is possible only when corruption is eliminated from society. Individuals who are currently garnering the most attention, such as corrupt politicians, businesspeople, and judges, should be socially shunned and barred from serving in our holy, self-governing country. To accomplish these desired social changes, enacting strong legislation with severe penalties and its rigorous execution is the need of the hour. The study is expected to contribute to the ongoing debate on the link between corruption and anti-corruption campaign, as well as the formation of a broad political consensus on how to deal with it in the future.
References
[1] Abdulraheem, A. (2009). Corruption in India: An Overview (causes, consequences and remedial measures). Social Action. 59(3).
[2] Anderson, C.W. (1979). The place of principles in policy analysis. The American political science review.73 (3): 711-723.
[3] Agarwal, O. P., & Somanathan, T. V. (2005). Public policy making in India: Issues and remedies. New Delhi, India. Centre for Policy Research occasional paper.
[4] Bullock, H., Mountford, J., & Stanley, R. (2001). Better policy-making. The centre for management and policy studies Landon. 1-79
[5] Bhattacharya, M. (2013). New Horizons of Public Administration. New Delhi: Jawahar Publishers and Distributors. 1-416
[6] Ernst & young Survey. (2013). Bribery and Corruption: ground reality in India. A survey by EY’s fraud investigation and dispute services practice.
[7] Central Vigilance Commission (2021). Annual Report on Corruption.
[8] Fischer, F. (1998). Beyond empiricism: policy enquiry in post positivist perspective. Policy studies journal. 26(1): 129-146.
[9] Handbook of Statistics on the Indian Economy, Reserve Bank of India. Time series publications. http://www.dbie. rbi.org.in/ DBIE/ dbie.rbi, 02 April 2022
[10] Hjelt, M. et al. (2008). Major challenges for the governance of national research and innovation policies in small European countries. VISION ERA. 01-66.
[11] Kanukeri, U. (2015). Corruption in India. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research. 01(05).
[12] Kundu, M. (2015). Some Aspects of Corruption in India. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 05(12).
[13] Ministry of Finance (2012). White Paper on Black Money, Ministry of Finance, Government of India.
[14] Reserve Bank of India (2020). Annual Report of Reserve bank of India.
[15] Singh, B.K. (2008). The challenge of good governance in India: need for innovative approaches. Paper circulated at Second International conference of the global network of global innovators, Harva Universityity, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, March 31- April 02.
[16] Sheng, Y. K., Carrillo-Rodriguez, J., Eun-Young, L., et al. (2007). Access to basic services for the poor: the importance of good governance. Environment and Urbanisation. 23(5): 22-34.
[17] Sundararajan, V. & Thakur, S. (1980). Public investment, crowding out and growth: a dynamic model applied to india and Korea. IMF staff papers. 27(4), 814-855.
[18] Tummala, K. K. (2009). Combating corruption: lessons out of India. International Public Management Review.10 (1).

Received : 14 April 2022
Accepted : 24 June 2022
Published : 30 June 2022
DOI: 10.30726/ijmrss/v9.i2.2022.92005

Download “Corruption-in-India-Challenges-and-Prospects.pdf” Corruption-in-India-Challenges-and-Prospects.pdf – Downloaded 55 times – 464 KB