Public Health Engineering; Water Supply System; Sanitation Technology; Excreta Management
This paper explains the contribution of engineering and technical skills in safeguarding public health during humanitarian crisis caused due to natural calamities or man- made disasters such as armed conflicts. Humanitarian crisis is more complex in urban settings that put greater population at health risk due to epidemic disease breakout. Here we discussed the role of well-trained engineers who are specialist in water, sanitation, energy supply and environment. This book explains the link between water, sanitation and hygiene so called WASH activities that reduces mortality and morbidity in population during disasters.
 Agarwal, A.; Kimondo, J.; Moreno, G. and Tinker, J. (1983) Water, Sanitation, Health – for all? Prospects for the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade, 1981- 90. The International Institute for Environment and Development.  Bell, D.R. (ed.) (1995) Lecture Notes on Tropical Medicine, 4th edition. Blackwell Science Ltd.: Oxford (UK).  Benenson, A.S. (ed.) (1995) Control of Communicable Diseases Manual, 16th edition. The American Public Health Association: Washington (USA).  Berkow. R. (ed.) (1992) The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, 16th edition. Merck Research Laboratories: Rahway (USA).  Birley, M.H. (-) Guidelines for Forecasting the Vector-borne Disease Implications of Water Resources Development. WHO Collaborating Centre: Environmental Management for Vector Control, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine: Liverpool (UK).  Birley, M. and Lock, K. (1999) The Health Impacts of Peri-Urban Natural Resource Development. International Centre for Health Impact Assessment; Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine: Liverpool (UK)  Boot, M.T. and Cairncross, S. (eds.) (1993) Actions Speak: The Study of Hygiene Behavior in Water and Sanitation Projects. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre: The Hague (The Netherlands).  Bowry, T.R. (1984) Immunology Simplified, 2nd edition. Oxford University Press: Oxford (UK)  Brandberg, B. (1997) Latrine Building: A Handbook for Implementing the SanPlat System. Intermediate Technology Publications: London (UK).  Bres, P. (1986) Public Health Action in Emergencies caused by Epidemics: A Practical Guide. World Health Organization: Geneva (Switzerland).
Received : 20 January 2020
Accepted : 01 March 2020
Published : 30 March 2020