Influence of Resilience and Self-esteem among Undergraduate Students in Chennai, India: An Exploratory Study

Lajwanti Motilal Jethwani and Dr. R. Subhashini
Self-esteem; Resilience; College Students
This study investigate the influence of resilience and self-esteem among undergraduate college students (N=110) in Chennai district, Tamil Nadu. An exploratory design is used among undergraduate students using purposive random sampling technique. In this case, two questionnaires are administered, Self-esteem is assessed by using the Rosenberg self-esteem scale (1965) and English version of Resilience Scale – RS-14 is also used in this study (Wagnild, 2010). Correlational and regression analysis shows statistically significant relationships between resilience and self-esteem. Self-esteem can be considered a predictor of resilience, which suggests resilience based intervention, should be provided for the students to improve their self-esteem
[1] Miller, D., & Daniel, B. (2007). Competent to cope, worthy of happiness? How the duality of self-esteem can inform a resilience-based classroom environment. School Psychology International, 28, 605–622 [2] Luthar, S. S. (Ed.). (2003). Resilience and vulnerability: Adaptation in the context of childhood adversities. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press [3] Gilligan, R. (1997). Beyond permanence? The importance of resilience in child placement practice and planning. Adoption & Fostering, 21(1), 12–20 [4] Fergusson, D. M., &Horwood, L. J. (2003). Resilience to childhood adversity: Results of a 21-year study. In S. S. Luthar (Ed.), Resilience and vulnerability: Adaptation in the context of childhood adversities (pp. 130–155). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. [5] Masten, A. S., &Coatsworth, J. D. (1998). The development of competence in favorable and unfavorable environments: Lessons from research on successful children. American Psychologist, 53(2), 205–220 [6] Luthar, S. S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). The construct of resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Development, 71, 543–562. [7] Taylor, R. D. (2010). Risk and resilience in low-income African American families: Moderating effects of kinship social support. Cultural Diversity Ethnic Minority Psychology, 16(3), 344–351. [8] Wang, M. C., & Gordon, E. W. (2012). Educational resilience in inner-city America: Challenges and prospects. New York, NY: Routledge. [9] Saari, L. M., & Judge, T. A. (2004). Employee attitudes and job satisfaction. Human Resource Management, 43(4), 395-407. [10] Hjemdal O, Friborg O, Stiles T C, Rosenvinge J H. &Martinussen M. Resilience predicting psychiatric symptoms: A prospective study of protective factors and their role in adjustment to stressful life events. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. 2006;13:194- 201. Available in [11] Shaheen F. Study of Optimism and Self Esteem in Relation to Psychological Distress Among Professional and Nonprofessional Students, International Journal of Education and Psychological Research (IJEPR). 2015;4(1). [12] Desrosiers A, Klemanski D H, & Nolen-Hoeksema S. Mapping mindfulness facets onto dimensions of anxiety and depression. Behavior Therapy. 2013;44:373-384. Available in [13] Stallman H. M. Psychological distress in university students: A comparison with general population data. Australian Psychologist. 2010;45:249- 257. Available in http://dx. 10.1080/00050067.2010.482109 [14] Kapıkıran Ş, &Acun-Kapıkıran N. Optimism and psychological resilience in relation to depressive symptoms in university students: Examining the mediating role of self-esteem. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice. 2016;16:2087–2110. [15] Leung, B.W., Moneta, G. B., & McBride-Chang, C. (2005). Think positively and feel positively: Optimism and life satisfaction in late life. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 61(4), 335-365. [16] Scheier, M. F., Weintraub, J. K., & Carver, C. S. (1986).Coping with stress: Divergent strategies of optimists and pessimists. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1257-1264. [17] Taylor, S. E. (1983). Adjustment to threatening events: A theory of cognitive adaptation. American Psychologist, 38, 1161-1173. [18] Taylor, S. E., Collins, R. L., Skokan, L. A., &Aspinwall, L. G. (1989). Maintaining positive illusions in the face of negative information: Getting the facts without letting them get to you. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 8, 114-129. [19] Locke, E. A., McClear, K., & Knight, D. (1996). Self-esteem and work. International Review of Industrial Organizational Psychology, 11, 1-32.

Received: 06 September 2019

Accepted: 27 September 2019

Published: 07 October 2019

DOI: 10.30726/ijmrss/v6.i3.2019.63001

Influence of Resilience and Self-esteem among Undergraduate Students in Chennai, India: An Exploratory Study