Land Reform Policy: Evaluation Study of the Systematic Land Program

Mas Roro Lilik Ekowanti, Mochamad Ali Imron
Land; Reform; Government Policy
Land policy is critical in land planning affairs. Some agrarian cases in various regions are evidence that Agrarian Law (UUPA) No. 5 the Year 1960 requires a review. Land redistribution was less than fruitful outcome, a study that carried out in PTSL BPN II Surabaya. This study aims to describe and analyze the impact of the PTSL program at BPN II Surabaya; find out the inhibiting factors; investigate the strategy and impact faced by Indonesia on land policy choice uses a descriptive qualitative research method. The finding indicates a lack of success in land redistribution as the national program that can be seen from the private sector orientation in the policy that the private sector can own 480.000 ha, should only get 25 ha based on UUPA No. 5 in the Year 1960. The advantage of land redistribution for the private sector is due to the investor-oriented private partnership policy. Whereas, the withdrawal budget causes the inhibiting factor for land redistribution in the PTSL context by the central government. The government’s strategy in the future must consider UUPA in applying land redistribution. It can be concluded that land reform policy has a positive impact if the land redistribution policy pays attention to the public interest.
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Received : 04 December 2022
Accepted : 16 March 2023
Published : 22 March 2023
DOI: 10.30726/ijmrss/v10.i1.2023.10103